Alqueva Multipurpose Project (EFMA) has direct influence in the municipalities covered by the Alqueva Reservoir and those that benefit from the irrigation perimeters or are served by the public supply.
EFMA is centered on the Alqueva Dam, the largest strategic water reserve in Europe.
It is from there that other dams interconnect to guarantee a water supply even in periods of extreme drought to an area of around 10,000 km2, in a total of 20 municipalities in the districts of Beja, Évora, Portalegre and Setúbal.
Alqueva Reservoir is the largest artificial lake in Europe, with 83 km length on the municipalities of Moura, Portel, Mourão, Reguengos de Monsaraz and Alandroal, occupying an area of 250 km2. The Alqueva reservoir’s total storage capacity is 4.150 billion m3, 3.150 billion m3 of which is its usable volume under normal operation.
Alentejo region is about 1/3 of the area of Portugal mainland . It is a sparsely populated region, with only 5% of the population and high levels of human desertification and ageing. The GDP per capita in the region is below the national average. The region also has very low rainfall.
The shortage of rainfall has been one of the main limitations on the region’s development and has stood in the way of the modernisation of agriculture and sustainability of the public water supply.
Alqueva’s Project is a structural instrument that gives rise to a diversified, sustained series of activities in a process of sustained integration.